Vocational

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The 34-year-old National Policy of Education (NPE) of 1986 was finally improvised with great transformational reforms seen at the school and university level in the country by 2020. NPE 2020 stresses on Vocationalization of education where with academic as well as extracurricular activities, vocational courses would be taken up by students which starts when the child reaches class 6th. 

What is vocational education?

Also known as career or technical education where people are prepared to be skilled in any specific area of employment. Its jobs can be based on manual or technical or practical activities which can be in the classroom or in fieldwork. It also imparts procedural knowledge to students. In simple words, if you are pursuing a vocational course that means you are actually learning skills in the field which will help you get a job in the future.

There is a shift towards tertiary education where learning and academic credits recognition will be from secondary or post-secondary level, according to school and student’s needs.

Why do we need it?

Youth in India are educated and have relevant degrees for employment but then too are jobless. The reason being here is that they are doing not possess the specified skill set needed to be used within the field. They are well versed with the tutorial knowledge but lack practical skills and training which is important. Vocational education here ensures that students have a hands-on experience of the knowledge they’re gaining from the textbook.

In the globalization era, where everything is rapidly changing, students got to be abreast with the newest knowledge and skills utilized in these new times. Vocational courses will give a chance to students to work in a real work environment with apprenticeship training programs available. The organization will reap its benefit with an increase in productivity and creativity in its employees.

Benefits of vocational courses

Students who choose training in this subject reap various benefits, which are-

Better placement opportunities- Students who are graduates in this subject have more chances of getting employed than a traditional academic graduate.

Higher earnings- Students who have completed vocational courses are offered a better pay scale than others in employment.

Entrepreneurial skills- Such courses help students to kick start their own venture in the field as they have industry experience. Eg.- startup companies

Successful in career- As completing a course gives you a foothold with the talents and testimonials required within the field. While others are completing their academic qualifications you’ll already be before them.

Low in cost- You don’t have to spend on these courses lavishly as they are cost-efficient and short-termed.

Hands-on learning- Students who do such courses can take their classroom knowledge outside because it provides hands-on work activities.

Vocational courses 

These courses are available both at secondary and post-secondary levels which are highly valued in the employment sector. There are more than 30 courses offered at the secondary level. Some of the most popular courses are listed below-

  • IT Application
  • Textile Design
  • Library and Information sciences
  • Poultry farming
  • Horticulture
  • Food production
  • Mass media studies and media production
  • Travel and tourism
  • Healthcare sciences
  • Auxiliary Nursing and midwife
  • Medical laboratory techniques
  • Electronics technology
  • Business administration
  • Retail
  • Banking
  • Market and salesmanship
  • Stenography and computer application
  • Life insurance
  • Transportation system and management

Some courses can be pursued after graduation too. Below are few courses which are high in demand-

  • Game designer
  • Foreign language courses
  • Air hostess and pilot training
  • Event management courses
  • Diploma in hospitality
  • Digital marketing
  • Animation and graphic designer
  • Fashion designing
  • Web development and designing
  • Photography
  • Beautician
  • Physical and fitness

Vocational training and education have a positive impact on a person’s life, mind, attitude, confidence, image, and self-esteem. An individual is happy as he generally achieves success early in life and is less stressed about employment-related problems. He is able to cope up with the pressure and develop flexibility and mobility at work with increased job satisfaction.

The huge gap between skilled labor demand and its supply also widened. 

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